Types of Employment / Vacancies
The first step to determine which career path is best for you is to understand the differences between the types of state employment--classified and unclassified, also referred to as merit and non-merit employment.
The majority of employment positions in the Executive Branch of Kentucky state government are within the classified service or "merit system". Positions outside the merit system are in the "unclassified service". The merit system is administered by the Personnel Cabinet under the Kentucky Revised Statutes (KRS Chapter 18A).
Merit Employment (Classified Service)
In general, merit positions are selected from a register and the selected candidates must meet the minimum requirements for the job classification. Vacancies for merit positions are posted for a minimum of 10 calendar days on the
Career Opportunities System (COS) website.
promotional vacancy is only open to current state employees with merit status, who are also known as internal mobility candidates; external candidates may not apply and cannot be considered. FFTL, interim, non-merit, and employees on initial probation do not have merit status and therefore are not eligible to be considered for promotional job advertisements. Part-time employees with merit status are only eligible for consideration for part-time internal mobility postings.
competitive vacancy is open to all candidates; anyone who meets minimum requirements may apply to competitive job postings, including internal mobility candidates.
The merit system emphasizes making personnel decisions (hiring, promoting, assigning work, and other matters) based on an individual's qualifications and performance. The merit system also protects state employee against arbitrary actions and discriminatory practices. For example, as discussed below, any disciplinary actions brought against a merit employee with status must provide specific written notice of the reasons for the action and provide a right of appeal to a neutral decision-maker, such as the Personnel Board.
Merit system employees serve a probationary period when they begin working for the state. Usually, the probationary period lasts six months, but may be as long as twelve months depending on the classification. When the probationary period is over, employees gain merit system "status," which gives employees certain additional rights and privileges.
The Personnel Cabinet and the Personnel Board administer and enforce the merit system. The merit system is codified in Chapter 18A of the Kentucky Revised Statutes, and in various administrative regulations. Additionally, KRS Chapter 16 and Title 502 of the Kentucky Administrative Regulations govern sworn officers in the Kentucky State Police. Certified and equivalent employees of the former Workforce Development Cabinet, now part of the Education Cabinet, are governed by KRS Chapter 156.
Kentucky Apprenticeship- In cooperation with the Labor Cabinet, a number of state agencies offer apprenticeship and training programs.
Non-merit (Unclassified Service)
Non-merit or unclassified service includes positions not under the merit system hiring process and generally includes the staffs of the governor and lieutenant governor, policy-making managers, and agency leaders. (SeeKRS 18A.115.) These positions have no formal selection criteria and are not appointed from a register. Employees in these positions may be terminated 'without notice of cause' without recourse. Based on the type of non-merit position, vacancies may be posted on the
Personnel Cabinet Careers website or the
Career Opportunities System (COS) website.
Federally Funded Time-Limited or FFTL positions are funded 100% by a federal grant or grants and are unclassified. Any candidate who meets the minimum requirements may be appointed, but must apply to the posted position.
Grant Funded Time-Limited or GFTL positions are similar to FFTL positions, with the central distinction being a difference from where the funds are obtained and the means by which they are obtained (grants versus regular government dispersion). They too, are unclassified. Also, GFTL positions are limited for use by the Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources, whereas FFTL positions may be used by any agency.
Interim vacancy, or temporary position, lasts less than 9 months. This type of employment opportunity may exist throughout the state and can be advertised at any time. Typically, these positions become available in spring and summer primarily in state parks. Interim positions may be posted in COS. Applicants may reach out directly to an office or agency when looking for an interim position.
- A Co-op/Intern posting represents a recruitment tool for the Kentucky Co-op/Intern Program and is not necessarily an advertisement for an actual vacancy. The program serves as a way for Kentucky students to obtain practical on-the-job experience and academic credit as part of their education. Co-op/Interns are employees in the unclassified service (without merit status).
For your convenience, we have the following links available for you to learn about these other employment opportunities.
State Agencies not covered by KRS Chapter 18A.
There are state agencies in which some or all positions are selected by a hiring process not subject to the rules governing the merit system.
Click here to access links to their websites.
Employment opportunities through the Kentucky Career Center can be found on
Focuscareer.ky.gov. For information about Kentucky Career Centers go to
Employment opportunities through Kentucky Works can be found on